Symposium: Sustainable waste management in developing countries

The second international conference on Mountains in the Changing World (MoChWo) 2017 has announced a special symposia on Sustainable waste management in developing countries.

We are accepting abstracts for this symposium. CLICK HERE for abstract submission.

About symposium

Proper management of municipal solid waste is an emerging problem in urban areas of developing countries. While the developed countries have gradually stressed the need in integrated waste management, developing countries still largely depend on landfilling. Approximately 54% of municipal solid waste is landfilled in the United States; this amount is only 1.24% in Japan and less than 1% in Sweden. Importance to landfilling is relatively higher in Nepal although collection efficiency is at 62% and disposal rate is merely 37%. Generally, municipal solid waste ends up wherever it is generated and the efforts have been mostly in big ideas and technology with little attention to organic wastes that makes up large portion of municipal solid waste in places like Kathmandu or Karachi. Not realizing the complexity and financial burden that landfills put into waste management in already resource constraint world, these practices have led to repeated failure in waste management. It has been well stated that landfills are second most complicated public facilities to be built after airports and the consequences of haphazardly managed landfills could last many decades to recover. At the same time, the World Bank study from over 2000 cities worldwide has proven that competitively granted contractual work in waste management is at least 33% more cost effective than a monopolized operation run by a local government. Across the sectors, community based and nongovernmental organizations are very active in Nepal. Over 10% of Nepal’s forest is managed by community-based organizations. Likewise, in waste management, informal scavenging handles 15% of Kathmandu Valley’s garbage contributing 371 million Nepalese Rupee in national economy every year. A sustainable operation in waste management should be able to replicate a homegrown success story from forestry with over forty plus years of deforestation followed by reforestation and afforestation that is often used as a model in the world. The present need in waste management in developing countries is to prioritize a labor-intensive solution that could create opportunity to marginalized people, ensure rights to informal workers, and stress more in source of generation of wastes.

By 2025, lower middle-income countries will generate 956 million tons of waste per day surpassing high-income countries and many pristine mountain communities in this region will greatly be impacted by it. In order to initiate a policy debate in sustainable waste management in low income countries and seek lasting solutions, this symposium requests papers and presentations from researchers, experts, and practitioners from around the world covering bottom up strategies, best management practices, case studies from developed and developing countries, and new innovation and strategies in waste management.

Conveners of the symposium

Corresponding Co-Convener: Mohan B. Dangi, Ph.D., P.E., Associate Professor, California State University, Fresno, CA, USA.

Co-Convener: Kedar Rijal, Ph.D., Professor and Head, Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal.

Important Deadlines

  • Abstract submission: 31 August
  • Registration: 22 September
  • Conference: 27-28 October


The funds provided by College of Social Sciences and Department of Geography and City & Regional Planning at California State University, Fresno to MoChWo conference could award scholarships up to ten students attending the conference and presenting under this symposium.

Similar scholarships are made by Central Department of Environmental Science at Tribhuvan University for their student attendees.

Scholarships will be granted in competitive basis upon peer review of abstracts. After your abstract is accepted, please submit online scholarship form here.

Contact Details

MoChWo 2017 Secretariat

Kathmandu Institute of Applied Sciences
PO Box: 23002, Kalanki-13, Kathmandu, Nepal
Phone: 977-01-6924204
Conference Website:

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